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  • Writer's picturePasadena Orthopedics, Inc.

Bunion Basics

Bunions are a common foot condition that can cause pain and discomfort, affecting people of all ages. A bunion is a bony bump that develops at the base of the big toe, causing it to push against the other toes. This can result in pain, swelling, and difficulty wearing shoes.

Bunions are often caused by a combination of factors, including genetics, poor footwear choices, and biomechanical issues. People with flat feet or low arches are more prone to developing bunions, as are those who wear tight or narrow shoes that squeeze the toes together. High heels can also exacerbate the problem by putting undue pressure on the front of the foot.

Symptoms of a bunion can vary from mild to severe, depending on the size and severity of the bump. In addition to pain and swelling, bunions can cause redness, tenderness, and difficulty moving the affected toe. Over time, bunions can also cause arthritis in the joint of the big toe, leading to additional pain and stiffness.

Treatment for bunions typically depends on the severity of the condition. In mild cases, changing footwear and wearing orthotics or bunion pads can help alleviate symptoms. Over-the-counter pain medications can also provide relief. In more severe cases, surgery may be necessary to realign the bones and remove the bony bump.

Preventing bunions involves taking proactive steps to protect the feet. This includes wearing properly fitting shoes with plenty of room in the toe box, avoiding high heels or narrow shoes, and using arch supports or orthotics to help distribute pressure evenly across the foot. Stretching exercises can also help improve foot flexibility and reduce the risk of developing bunions.

In conclusion, bunions are a common foot condition that can cause pain and discomfort. While the underlying causes of bunions can vary, making changes to footwear and using supportive devices such as orthotics or bunion pads can help alleviate symptoms. If you are experiencing foot pain or have concerns about your foot health, consult with a podiatrist to receive the care you need.



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